Bernard Gentili
Position (year started - present)
Contact information:
Phone: +33 (0)4 93 76 37 25
Fax: +33 (0)4 93 76 37 39
Degree (year started - year finished)
Institution, City, Country
Dissertation topic: brief description of topic
Degree (year started - year finished)
Institution, City, Country
Dissertation topic: brief description of topic
Degree (year started - year finished)
Institution, City, Country
Dissertation topic: brief description of topic
Research interests:
description of research interests using key words


  • Kheireddine, M., D. Antoine, V. Vellucci, and B. Gentili, Diel changes of the optical backscattering coefficient of oceanic particulate matter determined from diel changes in apparent optical properties: a case study in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE site), Applied Optics, submitted
  • In press

  • Barbieux, M., Uitz, J., Gentili, B., Pasqueron de Fommervault, O., Mignot, A., Poteau, A., Schmechtig, C., Taillandier, V., Leymarie, E., Penker'ch, C., D'Ortenzio, F., Claustre, H. and A. Bricaud (2019), Bio-optical characterization of subsurface chlorophyll maxima in the Mediterranean Sea from a Biogeochemical-Argo float database, Biogeosciences, in press.
  • 2018

  • Barbieux, M., Uitz, J., Bricaud, A. Organelli, E., Poteau, A., Schmechtig, C., Gentili, B., Leymarie, E., Penkerc'h, C., Obolensky, O., D'Ortenzio, F. and H. Claustre (2018). Assessing the variability in the relationship between the particulate backscattering coefficient and the chlorophyll a concentration from a global Biogeochemical-Argo database, Journal of Geophysical Research, 123, doi:10.1002/2017JC013030 (Get PDF reprint)
  • Luo, Y., Doxaran, D., Ruddick, K., Shen, F., Gentili, B., Yan, L. and H. huang (2018). Saturation of water reflectance in extremely turbid media based on field measurements, satellite data and bio-optical modelling. Optics Express, 26, 10435-10451. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2017

  • Ardyna, M, Claustre, H., Sallée, J.B., D’Ovidio, F., Gentili, B., van Dijken, G., D'Ortenzio, F. and K. Arrigo, Delineating environmental control of phytoplankton biomass and phenology in the Southern Ocean (2017), Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi:10.1002/2016GL072428. (Get PDF reprint)
  • Kheireddine, M., Ouhssain, M., Claustre, H., Uitz, J., Gentili, B., and H.J. Burton (2017) Assessing pigment-based phytoplankton community distributions in the Red Sea. Frontiers in Marine Science, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00132
  • Losa S. N., Soppa M., Dinter T., Wolanin A., Brewin R. J., Bricaud A., Oelker J., Peeken I., Gentili B., Rozanov V., and A. Bracher (2017). Synergistic exploitation of hyper- and multispectral precursor Sentinel measurements to determine Phytoplankton Functional Types (SynSenPFT). Frontiers in Marine Science, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00203 (Get PDF reprint).
  • Mayot, N., D'Ortenzio, F., Uitz, J. Gentili, B., Ras, J., Vellucci, V., Golbol, M., Antoine, D. and H. Claustre (2017), Influence of the phytoplankton community structure on the spring and annual primary production in the North-Western Mediterranean Sea, 122, Journal of Geophysical Research, 10.1002/2016JC012668. (Get PDF reprint)
  • 2016

  • Ody A., Doxaran D., Vanhellemont Q., Nehad B., Novoa S., Many G., Bourrin F., Verney R., Pairaud I. et B. Gentili (2016). Potential of High Spatial and Temporal Ocean Color Satellite Data to Study the Dynamics of Suspended Particles in a Micro-Tidal River Plume. Remote Sens. 2016, 8(3), 245; doi:10.3390/rs8030245.(Get PDF Reprint)
  • Organelli E., Bricaud, A., Gentili, B., Antoine, D. and V. Vellucci. Evaluation of bio-optical inversion models for the retrieval of Colored Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM) and Colored Detrital Matter (CDM) light absorption coefficients in the Mediterranean Sea using field and satellite ocean color radiometry. Remote Sensing of Environment, 186, 297–310 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Sauzede, R., H. Claustre, J. Uitz , C. Jamet, G. Dall'Olmo, F. D'Ortenzio, B. Gentili , A. Poteau and C. Schmechtig (2016). A neural network-based method for merging ocean color and Argo data to extend surface bio-optical properties to depth: Retrieval of the particulate backscattering coefficient. Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JC011408. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2015

  • Lee, Y.J., P. A. Matrai, M. A. M. Friedrichs, V. S. Saba, D. Antoine, M. Ardyna, I. Asanuma, M. Babin, S. Bélanger, M. Benoit-Gagné, E. Devred, M. Fernández-Méndez, B. Gentili, T. Hirawake, S.-H. Kang, T. Kameda, C. Katlein, S. Lee, Z. Lee, F. Mélin, M. Scardi, T. Smyth, S. Tang, K. Turpie, K. Waters, and T. Westberry, 2015. An assessment of phytoplankton primary productivity in the Arctic Ocean from satellite ocean color/in situ chlorophyll-a based models, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JC011018. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2014

  • Antoine D, M Babin, J-F Berthon, A Bricaud, B Gentili, H Loisel, S Maritorena and D Stramski (2014). Shedding Light on the Sea: André Morel’s Legacy to Optical Oceanography, Annual Reviews of Marine Science, 6:15.1–15.21. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2013

  • Antoine D., A. Morel, E. Leymarie, A. Houyou, B. Gentili, S. Victori, J.-P. Buis, N. Buis, S. Meunier, M. Canini, D. Crozel, B. Fougnie, and P. Henry (2013). Underwater radiance distributions measured with miniaturized multispectral radiance cameras. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30(1), 74-95. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Matsuoka, A., S.B. Hooker, A. Bricaud, B. Gentili & M. Babin (2013). Estimating absorption coefficients of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) using a semi-analytical algorithm for southern Beaufort Sea (Canadian Arctic) waters: application to deriving concentrations of dissolved organic carbon from space. Biogeoscience. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2012

  • Bricaud, A., Ciotti A.M., and B. Gentili (2012). Spatial-temporal variations in phytoplankton size and colored detrital matter absorption at global and regional scales, as derived from twelve years of SeaWiFS data (1998-2009). Global Biogeochemical Cycles, VOL. 26, GB1010, doi:10.1029/2010GB003952. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Chami, M., M. Mallet, and B. Gentili, (2012). Quantitative analysis of the influence of dust sea surface forcing on the primary production of the subtropical Atlantic Ocean using a ten-year time series of satellite observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 117, No. C7, C07008,doi:10.029/2012JC008112 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Uitz, J., D. Stramski, B. Gentili, F. D'Ortenzio, and H. Claustre (2012), Estimates of phytoplankton class-specific and total primary production in the Mediterranean Sea from satellite ocean color observations, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, GB2024, doi:10.1029/2011GB004055. (Get PDF reprint)
  • 2011

  • Antoine D, Siegel, D.A., Kostadinov, T., Maritorena, S., Nelson, N.B., Gentili, B., Vellucci, V. and N. Guillocheau (2011), Variability in optical particle backscattering in three contrasting bio-optical oceanic regimes, Limnology and Oceanography, 56(3), 2011, 955–973. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Brewin, R.J.W., N.J. Hartman-Mountford, S.J. Lavender, D.E. Raitsos, T. Hirata, J. Uitz, E. Devred, A. Bricaud, A.M. Ciotti and B. Gentili (2011). An intercomparison of bio-optical techniques for detecting dominant phytoplankton size class from satellite remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment, 115, 325–339. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2010

  • Morel, A., Claustre, H., and B. Gentili (2010) The most oligotrophic subtropical zones of the global ocean: similarities and differences in terms of chlorophyll and yellow substance. Biogeosciences, 7, 3139–3151, doi:10.5194/bg-7-3139-2010 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Uitz, J., Claustre, H., Gentili, B. and D. Stramski (2010). Phytoplankton class-specific primary production in the world’s oceans: Seasonal and interannual variability from satellite observations. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 24, No. 3, GB3016, doi: 10.1029/2009GB003680. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2009

  • Doxaran D., Ruddick K. McKee D., Gentili B., Tailliez D., Chami M., and M. Babin (2009), Spectral variations of light scattering by marine particles in coastal waters, from the visible to the near infrared. Limnology and Oceanography, 54, 1257-1271. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Mallet M., Chami M., Gentili B., Sempere R., Dubuisson P.(2009), "Impact of sea-surface dust radiative forcing on the oceanic Primary Production. A 1D modeling approach to the West African coastal waters. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L15828, doi:10.1029/2009GL039053. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Martinez E., D. Antoine, F. D'Ortenzio and B. Gentili (2009). Climate-driven basin-scale decadal oscillations
    of oceanic phytoplankton, Science, 36, 1253-1256. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and B. Gentili (2009). A simple band ratio technique to quantify the colored dissolved and detrital organic material from ocean color remotely sensed data. Remote Sensing of Environement, 113, 998-1011, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2009.01.008 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and B. Gentili (2009). The dissolved yellow substance and the shades of blue in the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeosciences, 6, 2625–2636, 2009, (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2008

  • Antoine, D., F. D'Ortenzio, S. B. Hooker, G Bécu, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, and A. J. Scott (2008), Assessment of uncertainty in the ocean reflectance determined by three satellite ocean color sensors (MERIS, SeaWiFS and MODIS-A) at an offshore site in the Mediterranean Sea (BOUSSOLE project), Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C07013, doi:10.1029/2007JC004472. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Brown, C. A., Huot, Y., Werdell, P. J., Gentili, B. and H. Claustre (2008). The origin and global distribution of second order variability in satellite ocean color and its potential applications to algorithm development, Remote Sensing of Environment, 112, 4186-4203, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2008.06.008, (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Claustre, H., Y. Huot, I. Obernosterer, B. Gentili, D. Tailliez, and M. Lewis (2008). Gross community production and metabolic balance in the South Pacific Gyre, using a non intrusive bio-optical method. Biogeosciences, 5, 463-474. Access to paper on line
  • Friedrichs, M.A.M., M.-E. Carr, R. T. Barber, M. Scardi, D. Antoine , R. A. Armstrong, I. Asanuma, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. T. Buitenhuis, F. Chai, J. R. Christian, A. M. Ciotti, S. C. Doney, M. Dowell, J. Dunne, B. Gentili, W. Gregg, N. Hoepffner, J. Ishizaka, T. Kameda, I. Lima, J. Marra, F. Mélin, J. K. Moore, A. Morel, R. T. O'Malley, J. O'Reilly, V. S. Saba, M. Schmeltz, T. J. Smyth, J. Tjiputra, K. Waters, T. K. Westberry, A. Winguth (2008). Assessing the uncertainties of model estimates of primary production in the tropical Pacific ocean, Journal of Marine Systems, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2008.05.010/.(Get PDF Reprint).
  • Silió-Calzada, A., A. Bricaud and B. Gentili (2008). Estimates of sea surface nitrate concentrations from sea surface temperature and chlorophyll concentration in upwelling areas : a case study for the Benguela system. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112, 3173–3180 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Silió-Calzada, A., Bricaud, A., Uitz, J. and B. Gentili (2008). Estimation of new primary production in the Benguela upwelling area, using ENVISAT satellite data and a model dependant on the phytoplankton community size structure. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C11023, doi:10.1029/2007JC004588, (Get PDF Reprint).
  • 2007

  • Morel, A., Claustre, H., Antoine, D. and B. Gentili (2007). Natural variability of bio-optical properties in Case 1 waters: attenuation and reflectance within the visible and near-UV spectral domains, as observed in South Pacific and Mediterranean waters. Biogeosciences,4, 913-925 (Access to paper on line)
  • Morel, A., Gentili, B., Claustre, H., Babin, M., Bricaud, A., Ras, J., and F. Tieche (2007) Optical properties of the "clearest" natural waters, Limnology and Oceanography, 52(1), 217-229 (Get PDF Reprint).
  • Morel, A., Huot, Y., Gentili, B., Werdell, P.J., Hooker, S.B. and B.A. Franz (2007). Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the perspective of a multi-sensor approach. Remote Sensing of Environment, 111, 69-88. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2006

  • Antoine, D. M. Chami, H. Claustre, F. D'Ortenzio, A. Morel, G. Bécu, B. Gentili, F. Louis, J. Ras, E. Roussier, A.J. Scott, D. Tailliez, S. B. Hooker, P. Guevel, J.-F. Desté, C. Dempsey and D. Adams. 2006, BOUSSOLE : a joint CNRS-INSU, ESA, CNES and NASA Ocean Color Calibration And Validation Activity. NASA Technical memorandum N° 2006 - 214147, 61 pp. (Get PDF Reprint).
  • Carr, M.-E., M.A.M. Friedrichs, M. Schmeltz, M.N. Aité, D. Antoine, K.R. Arrigo, I. Asanuma, O. Aumont, R. Barber, M. Behrenfeld, R. Bidigare, E. Buitenhuis, J. Campbell, A. Ciotti, H. Dierssen, M. Dowell, J. Dunne, W. Esaias, B. Gentili, S. Groom, N. Hoepffner, J. Hishisaka, T. Kameda, C. LeQuéré, S. Lohrenz, J. Marra, F. Mélin, K. Moore, A. Morel, T. Reddy, J. Ryan, M. Scardi, T. Smyth, K. Turpie, G. Tilstone, K. Waters, Y. Yamanaka (2005) A comparison of global estimates of marine primary production from ocean color, Deep-Sea Research, Part II, 53, 741-770 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Gattuso J.-P., Gentili B., Duarte C. M., Kleypas J. A., Middelburg J. J. and D. Antoine (2006). Light availability in the coastal ocean: impact on the distribution of benthic photosynthetic organisms and their contribution to primary production. Biogeosciences 3, 489-513. (Get PDF Reprint).
  • Morel, A., Gentili, B., Chami, M., and J. Ras (2006) Bio-optical properties of high chlorophyll Case 1 waters, and of yellow-substance- dominated Case 2 waters. Deep-Sea Research I, 53, 1439-1559 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2004

  • Morel, A. and B. Gentili (2004). Radiation transport within oceanic (case 1) waters.  Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 109, No. C6, C06008, 10.1029/2003JC002259 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2003

  • Antoine, D., Morel, A., Gentili, B., Gordon, H.R., Banzon, V.F., Evans, R.H., Brown, J.W., Walsh, S., Baringer, W. and A. Li (2003). In search of long-term trends in ocean color. EOS, 84, 32 (Get PDF Reprint).
  • 2002

  • Morel, A., Antoine, D. and B. Gentili (2002). Bidirectional reflectance of oceanic waters: Accounting for Raman emission and varying particle phase function, Appied Optics, 41, 6289-6306 (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 2000

  • Claustre, H., Fell, F., Oubelkheir, K., Prieur, L., Sciandra, A., Gentili, B. and M. Babin (2000). Continuous monitoring of surface optical properties across a geostrophic front: biogeochemical inferences. Limnology and Oceanography, 45, 309-321 (Get PDF reprint)
  • Maritorena, S., Morel, A. and B. Gentili (2000). Determination of the fluorescence quantum yield by oceanic phytoplankton in their natural habitat. Applied Optics, 39, 6725-6737 (Get PDF reprint)
  • 1996

  • Babin, M., Morel, A., and B. Gentili (1996). Remote sensing of sea surface sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: Consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 17, 2417-2448. (Get PDF reprint)
  • Morel, A., and B. Gentili (1996). Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters. 3. Implication of bidirectionality for the remote-sensing problem. Applied Optics, 35, 4850-4862. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1995

  • Morel, A., Voss, K.J. and B. Gentili (1995). Bidirectional reflectance of oceanic waters: A comparison of modeled and measured upward radiance fields, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 13,143-13,150. (Get PDF Reprint 11MB)
  • 1994

  • Maritorena, S., Morel, A. and B. Gentili (1994). Diffuse reflectance of oceanic shallow waters: Influence of water depth and bottom albedo, Limnology and Oceanography, 39 1689-1703. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • 1993

  • Mobley, C.D., Gentili, B., Gordon, H.R., Jin, Z., Kattawar, G.W., Morel, A., Reinersman, P., Stamnes, K. and R.H. Stavn (1993). Comparison of numerical models for computing underwater light fields, Applied Optics, 32, 7484-7504. (Get PDF Reprint)
  • Morel, A. and B. Gentili (1993). Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters. 2. Bidirectional aspects. Applied Optics, 32, 6864-6872. (Get PDF Reprint 10 MB)
  • 1991

  • Morel, A., and B. Gentili (1991). Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters: its dependance on sun angle as influenced by molecular scattering contribution. Applied Optics, 30, 4427-4438. (Get PDF Reprint)
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